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Lease Rent Cases

Rental law governs the rental of commercial and residential property. It is composed primarily of state statutory and common law. A number of states have based their statutory law on either the Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act or the Model Residential Landlord–Tenant Code. Federal statutory law may be a factor in times of national or regional emergencies and in preventing forms of discrimination.

The basis of the legal relationship between a landlord and tenant is grounded in both contract and property law. The tenant has a property interest in the land for a given period of time. If the tenancy is long term or periodic, the tenant has the right to possess the land, restrict others (including the landlord) from entering upon it and sublease or assign the property. The landlord–tenant agreement may eliminate or limit these rights. The landlord–tenant agreement is normally embodied in a lease. The lease, though not historically or strictly a contract, may be subject to concepts embodied in contract law.